Isolation

Who needs to go into isolation?

When do I go into isolation, what do I do if I have symptoms consistent with coronavirus, and when do I go out of isolation?

The cases in which you need to go into isolation

Isolation calculator

Disputing an isolation order
If you were ordered to isolate and in your opinion this order is unjustified, you may dispute the isolate order through the Ministry of Health's calling service at *5400. You must stay in isolation until receiving an answer.

Guidance for home isolation
To learn more on how to spend the isolation period at home, click the link for the page of the home isolation guidance.
Home isolation guidance

The appearance of symptoms during isolation
If, during isolation, you develop symptoms consistent with coronavirus or experience worsening of existing symptoms, you should consult your primary care physician over the phone or contact the calling service of your insuring HMO.
Do not leave the isolation site to go to the HMO clinic or the emergency room, unless it is an urgent medical emergency, in which case you must be evacuated to the emergency room through Magen David Adom. During the dispatch call to Magen David Adom, you must disclose that the person being evacuated is a person currently in isolation.

Isolation for confirmed coronavirus patients

Who needs to isolate?
Anyone who received a positive result in a PCR test, including vaccinated and recovered individuals, must go into isolation.
Further information for confirmed patients

Self-report: You are not required to report your isolation to the Ministry of Health.

Isolation duration: Until receiving a certificate of recovery from a physician. The certificate is only issued after 10 days of isolation or more, and only if the person in isolation did not have any symptoms for the last 3 days at least.

Isolation reduction: There is no option for reducing the isolation duration.

Who may I stay with during isolation?

  • A confirmed patient must stay in isolation in a separate area of the house from other household members. They must maintain their separation even if the other household members are in isolation due to other reasons (for example, due to their close contact with the confirmed patient).
  • If there are several confirmed patients in the house, they may stay in isolation together.

Isolation for those with symptoms consistent with coronavirus

Who needs to isolate?
If you have a fever of 38 degrees Celsius or higher, or if you developed symptoms (one or more) that may be consistent with coronavirus, you must take a PCR test and stay in isolation until receiving a negative result. Additionally, you should consult your primary care physician.

Common symptoms are fever of 38 degrees Celsius or higher, coughing, difficulty breathing, loss of taste or smell, muscle fatigue.

Self-report: You are not required to report your isolation to the Ministry of Health.

Isolation duration

  • If you have symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus, you must stay in isolation and take a PCR test.
    If the result is negative, you may end your isolation (unless there is another reason for your isolation).
    If the result is positive, you must continue your isolation according to the guidance for confirmed patients until receiving a certificate of recovery from your primary care physician.
  • If you were in isolation due to close contact with a confirmed patient, and only subsequently you started to develop symptoms, you must stay in isolation even if you tested negative in the PCR test, and follow the guidance for those who came in close contact with a confirmed patient.
  • If you had symptoms and you did not take a PCR test, you must stay in isolation until two full days have passed with a temperature lower than 37.5 degrees Celsius, without the using of medications for lowering the body's temperature.

Isolation reduction: There is no option for reducing the isolation duration.

Who may I stay with during isolation?

If you have symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus, it is recommended that you stay in isolation separately from the other household members, even if some of them are also required to go into isolation due to other reasons.
It is recommended that the other household members who do not have any symptoms will also stay at home until the symptomatic person received his or her PCR test result.

Isolation for close contacts of a confirmed patient

Who needs to isolate?
Those who came in close contact with a confirmed patient must go into isolation immediately and take a PCR test as soon as possible.
Isolation due to exposure to a coronavirus patient – flowchart

What is close contact?
Close contact is exposure to a confirmed patient for more than 15 minutes, at a distance of less than 2 meters. Common cases include exposure to a confirmed housemate, confirmed coworker, confirmed classmate or confirmed fellow passenger in a public transportation vehicle (even if sometimes their identity is unknown).
Close contact can also be physical contact such as kissing, hugging or shaking hands with a confirmed patient, regardless of the duration of exposure in their surrounding.
You should know: A confirmed patient may have been healthy and asymptomatic during contact and still be contagious.

Vaccinated and recovered individuals
If you were vaccinated or recovered (in accordance with the criteria for Green Pass eligibility), you are not required to go into isolation after close contact with a confirmed patient. However, it is recommended that you take a PCR test in case that you develop symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus, and of course to wear a mask, to maintain distancing and to wash your hands when coming into contact with persons in isolation.
However, vaccinated and recovered individuals may also be ordered to isolate by special order from the District Physician, from the Head of Public Health Services or from the Ministry of Health's Director General, in the following cases:   

  • If they came in close contact with a confirmed patient who has been infected with a variant of concern of the virus or if concerns for such close contact were raised, due to an exceptional infection incident.
  • If they came in close contact with a confirmed patient and they are regularly found in a care facility where they come in contact with people over 65 or with pre-existing conditions, with unvaccinated individuals or with individuals for whom the vaccine is known to have low efficacy.
  • If they came in close contact with a confirmed patient on a flight.  

Self-report: You must report your isolation to the Ministry of Health.
Parents should also file a separate report for each of their children who are in isolation.
Isolation self-report form

Isolation duration
Isolation lasts for 14 days, with the 1st day being the day of last contact with the confirmed patient. Isolation lasts until 24:00 on the 14th day.
Isolation calculator – do I need to isolate, and for how long?

Isolation reduction: You may have your isolation reduced if you meet all the guidelines and requirements thereto.  
Guidance for isolation reduction

Coronavirus tests
Those who were ordered to isolate following contact with a confirmed patient will take a PCR test in two cases:

  • If they developed symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus during the 14 days after exposure to a confirmed patient.
  • To have their isolation period reduced (if they meet all the requirements thereto).

Further information on coronavirus diagnostic tests
Information for those who developed symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus

Who may I stay with during isolation?

You may take one of two routes:

  • Separate those who need to stay in isolation from other household members.
  • All household members stay in isolation together. In such case, the isolation site is the entire house and everyone must complete the required isolation duration together.

Isolation for travelers entering Israel from abroad

All the information on the isolation requirement for travelers entering Israel

Isolation for those who received a borderline-positive result in a PCR test

Who needs to isolate?
Those who took a PCR test and received a borderline-positive result are required to go into isolation and take an additional PCR test to either confirm or rule-out their infection. The same applies to vaccinated and recovered individuals as well.
What is a borderline-positive result in a PCR test?

Self-report: You are not required to report your isolation to the Ministry of Health.

Isolation duration

You need to take another PCR test within 24-48 hours of the first one.

  • If the result is negative, you may end your isolation (unless there is another reason for your isolation).
  • If the result is positive or borderline-positive, you must call your HMO and continue your isolation according to the guidance for confirmed patients until receiving a certificate of recovery from your primary care physician.

If you are required to stay in isolation for an additional reason, you must stay in isolation until the end of the longer isolation period of the two.

Isolation reduction: There is no option for reducing the isolation duration.

Who may I stay with during isolation?
It is recommended to separate those who were ordered to isolate upon receiving a borderline-positive result in a PCR test from other household members (including those who were ordered to isolate following close contact with a confirmed patient or because they arrived from abroad).
It is recommended that the other household members will also stay at home until the result of the second PCR test has been received.

Caregivers of persons who are unable to stay alone in isolation

Who needs a caregiver?
Those who are unable to stay alone in isolation (such as children under 12, people with disabilities or older adults who are having difficulty caring for themselves) require a caregiver. They should be assigned a caregiverfor the entire isolation duration.

Assigning a caregiver
It is recommended that the caregiver will be under 65 and without pre-existing conditions.
More than one caregiver may be assigned only if all caregivers are either vaccinated or recovered. Thus, for example, parents may take turns as caregivers of a child under 12 who was ordered to isolate, provided that they are both vaccinated or recovered.

Who needs to go into isolation?

  • Caregivers who are neither vaccinated nor recovered must stay in isolation along with the person whom they assist.
  • Caregivers who are vaccinated or recovered (in accordance with the criteria for Green Pass eligibility) are not required to stay in isolation, even if the person whom they chaperon is a confirmed patient.
    However, it is recommended that they take a PCR test in case of sickness, and of course to wear a mask, to maintain distancing and to wash your hands when coming into contact with persons in isolation.

Self-report: Caregivers must report their going into isolation to the Ministry of Health.
The report is by the self-report form of the person whom they assist, and they need to check the box for "caregiver".
Isolation self-report form

Isolation duration

  • Caregivers who are neither vaccinated nor recovered are required to complete the entire isolation period with the person whom they assist.
  • If the person in isolation is a confirmed patient and the caregiver is neither vaccinated nor recovered, the caregiver must take a PCR test and stay in isolation even after the person whom he or she assisted has completed the isolation duration, being that the caregiver is the close contact of a confirmed patient. The 1st day of the additional isolation is the day of last contact with the person in isolation whom he or she chaperoned.
    Guidance for the close contact of a confirmed patient
  • The caregiver of more than one person in isolation (such as a parent who accompanies several children) will end his or her isolation along with the last person to complete the isolation duration.

Isolation reduction: You may have your isolation reduced if you meet all the guidelines and requirements thereto.  
Guidance for isolation reduction

Isolation Duration and Isolation Reduction

Full isolation

Full isolation lasts for 14 days. The count of isolation days begins from the day of last contact with a confirmed patient or from the day of entry to Israel from abroad (this is day 1), and ends on the 14th day, at 24:00.

Isolation calculator – Do I need to isolate, and for how long?

How can I reduce my isolation?

Isolation reduction is possible in two cases:

  • If you were ordered to isolate after close contact with a confirmed patient.
  • If you were ordered to isolate after returning from abroad.

You may have your isolation reduced if you meet all of the requirements below (please note: Articles 1-3 are irrelevant for those who return from abroad):  

1. You reported your isolation immediately to the Ministry of Health by filling out the online form or by calling the Ministry of Health's calling service at *5400.

Those who returned from abroad are not required to report their isolation.

2. You took your first PCR test at the earliest possible opportunity after going into isolation and received a negative result.

For those who returned from abroad, this test is the PCR test that you took at the airport.

3. You waited for at least 24 hours from the first test before taking the second PCR test.

4. You took a second PCR test starting from the 7th day after last contact with the confirmed patient or from entry to Israel. That is to say, if you were exposed to a confirmed patient or if you returned from abroad on 1.11.2021, you may take the test starting from 7.11.2021.

Information on leaving the isolation site for testing purposes

5. You received a negative result in the second test.

Throughout your isolation days, you did not have any symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus (fever of 38 degrees Celsius or higher, coughing, difficulty breathing, loss of taste or smell, muscle fatigue).

Exceptional Leave during Isolation

In principle, it is forbidden to leave the isolation site during the entire isolation period. However, there are certain exceptional cases where such leave is permitted: 

  • Leaving the isolation site in order to take a PCR test: Does not require an exceptional leave permit, but you are required to follow the guidelines below.
  • Leaving the isolation site in order to receive an urgent medical test: If you have an urgent medical test, you need to contact your physician and ask for an exceptional leave permit.
  • Leaving the isolation site in order to go to the hospital due to a medical emergency: You need to call an ambulance and during the dispatch call, to disclose the fact that the person being driven to the hospital is a person in isolation or a confirmed patient.
  • Leaving the isolation site for exceptional cases: According to the list below. In these cases, you need to file a request form for exceptional leave during isolation, or to call the Ministry of Health's calling service at *5400.

Please note: You may not leave the isolation site in order to be vaccinated. The efficacy of the vaccine is not compromised even if there is a gap of more than 3 weeks between the two vaccine doses.

In what cases may I file a request for exceptional leave during isolation?

  • Attend a Funeral: first degree relatives, and grandchildren can attend a funeral.
  • Attending a wedding or Bar/Bat Mitzvah: first degree relative only, only for those who were ordered to isolate due to close contact with a confirmed patient.
  • Attending the circumcision ceremony: a first degree relative, only for those who were ordered to isolate due to close contact with a confirmed patient or due to returning from abroad.
  • Visiting a dying relative, a first degree relative or a close acquaintance.
  • Accompanying a relative who is undergoing surgery or treatment in a hospital.
  • Taking an examination.
  • Moving from one isolation site to another, one-time permit.
  • Traveling abroad, in humanitarian cases only.
  • In cases of individuals with autism spectrum disorder, leaving the isolation site to get fresh air.

File a request form for exceptional leave during isolation

Receiving a permit for exceptional leave during isolation

  • A permit for exceptional leave during isolation will be sent to the email address of the person requesting the leave.
  • The permit given is one-time only, except for the permit for individuals with autism spectrum disorder to leave the isolation site to get fresh air. The permit is only meant for its intended purpose, and on the date specified in the permit.
  • The permit does not constitute a certificate attesting to the shortening or end of the isolation period.
  • This permit is only valid on the condition that no symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus have appeared.

Guidelines for exceptional leave during isolation

  • The isolated person may only leave the isolation site if they feel well and do not have any symptoms that may be consistent with coronavirus (fever of 38 degrees Celsius or higher, coughing, difficulty breathing, loss of taste or smell, muscle fatigue) for at least 48 hours before leaving the isolation site.
  • In case of symptoms, the isolated person is required to drive a private vehicle to a drive-in facility to take a PCR test.
  • Masking – Masking is required at all times when outside the isolation site.
  • Distancing – Avoid physical contact with others and maintain a distance of at least 2 meters from other people.
  • Driving a private vehicle – The ride from the isolation site to the testing facility and back shall only be in a private vehicle driven by the isolated person, without additional passengers.
    If the isolated person is unable to drive, and they need to be driven by another person to the testing facility both driver and passenger are required to wear masks at all time when outside the isolation site. During the ride, the isolated person will be seated in the back seat of the car and the windows of the vehicle will remain open. If the isolated person requires to take multiple tests, they need to be driven by the same driver. In any case, it is strictly forbidden to travel by public transportation, including by domestic flights to Eilat. They are also required to return to the isolation site immediately after the test, in the same manner.
    Those who are unable to drive and have no one else to drive them may take a taxi.